Treatment of alopecia in children. The main causes and types of children's hair loss
Baldness is not only adults. It happens that, for unknown reasons, starts
This is one of the most common forms of baldness, also known as
Total alopecia in children is manifested by a rapid and complete alopecia is not only the head but also the face (drop the eyebrows and eyelashes). Its causes are quite varied, ranging from congenital abnormalities to serious infectious diseases. Risk itself is not, therefore, treatment is usually started no earlier than in a year, if not renewed hair growth.
Trichocereeae, or compulsively pulling their own hair, leads to a partially bald irregularly shaped. Interestingly, parents are usually not aware of this habit and often find it hard to believe that their child is himself harm. In most cases, the problem can be solved independently, but in severe situations you will have to seek help from a psychologist.
The telogen evaporation
After a high fever, flu or severe emotional stress, the hair roots can sometimes suddenly go into a resting phase. This condition lasts from two to 4 months, while no individual completely hairless areas – hair becomes less uniformly throughout the head. Normal hair growth usually restores itself after 5-6 months.
This is an idiopathic disease with currently unknown etymology. In children is very rare, develops unnoticed. Balding areas are usually irregular in shape, with skin and hair look completely healthy. The only distinguishing characteristic of this form of alopecia from the same follicle grows two hairs.
With the appearance of early symptoms of the disease should immediately consult a doctor, because to restore hair in this type of alopecia in children will not happen, but you can stop its further development.
While seborrheic form of the disease first appear oily hair with flakes and crusts near the roots. Then begins the intense itching, the affected area comb and gradually go bald. If you do not start the treatment of alopecia, in children, over time, the hair on the crown completely fall out.
If you find any signs of baldness in a child, regardless of its type, it is necessary to consult a doctor for diagnosis, to identify the causes of the disease. Also it is necessary to consult children's trichologist, dermatologist, gastroenterologist, neurologist and endocrinologist.
The main causes of alopecia in a child
Common cause of alopecia in children – impact onhair follicles of various adverse factors that lead to progressive baldness, namely:
- Heredity – one of the closest relatives of early childhood also had problems with excessive hair loss.
- Alopecia develops in children with different gastrointestinal diseases (gastroduodenitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, malabsorption syndrome, constipation, parasites, dysbiosis, etc.).
- The lack of such trace elements and vitamins.
- Immunological disorders: vitiligo and atopic dermatitis.
- Violation of neuroendocrine nature.
- The injury of the hair shaft.
- X-ray irradiation.
- Various anemia.
- Infectious diseases.
Alopecia in children in most cases develops on the background of other, very serious diseases. Therefore, doctor's consultation is a must: it will help not only to stop baldness and restore hair, but also to identify any other health problems.
Features of treatment of alopecia in children
Treatment of alopecia in children will take into account the reasons for its occurrence. It appoints and supervises a subject matter expert. Do not self medicate because it can cause permanent problems not only with hair but also the health of the whole child.
The fight against alopecia in children is always aimed at removing the causes of its emergence. Symptomatic treatment can not eliminate the problem.
In all cases, prescribe bracing therapy:
- vitamins of group B, and (A, C, E);
- Pantothenic acid;
The disease is always easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, it is necessary to treat a chronic infection, to ensure that there was good nutrition, regularly bring the child to check-UPS with the pediatrician for early detection of abnormalities in his health. Hair care is also important: boys should be cut regularly and girls should avoid tight weaving braids. To prevent hair loss thin hair head wash must be no more than 2 times a week.